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Cleveland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Cuyahoga County, the most populous county in the state. The municipality is located in northeastern Ohio on the southern shore of Lake Erie, approximately 60 miles west of the Pennsylvania border. It was founded in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga river, and became a manufacturing center owing to its location at the head of numerous canals and railroad lines. With the decline of heavy manufacturing, Cleveland's business have diversified into the service economy, including the financial services, insurance, legal, and healthcare sectors though the city's population has continued to decline. Cleveland is also home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
As of the 2000 Census, the city proper had a total population of 478,403, and was then the 33rd largest city in the United States, and the second largest city in Ohio. It is the center of Greater Cleveland, the second largest metropolitan area in Ohio. The Cleveland-Elyria-Mentor Metropolitan Statistical Area which in 2000 ranked as the 23rd largest in the United States with 2,250,871 people. Cleveland is also part of the larger Cleveland-Akron-Elyria Combined Statistical Area, which in 2000 had a population of 2,945,831, and ranked as the country's 14th largest. Like many former urban manufacturing centers of the U.S. Rust Belt, Cleveland as a city has collapsed from a population of 914,000 in 1950 to less than half of that today.
National media began referring to Cleveland as "the mistake on the lake" in the 1970s, in reference to the city's financial difficulties, a notorious 1969 fire on the Cuyahoga River and it's struggling proffesional sports teams. The city has worked to shed this nickname ever since, and in recent times the national media have veen much kinder to the city, using it as an exeplar for public-private partnerships, downtown revitalization, and urban renaissance. In studies conducted by The Economist in 2005, Cleveland and Pittsburgh were ranked as the most livable cities in the United States, and the city was ranked as the best city for business meetings in the continental U.S. The city faces continuing challenges, in particular from concentraded poverty in some neighborhoods and difficulties in the funding and delivery of high-quality public eduaction.
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